Must-know IPC and CrPC sections for an Indian citizen

IPC (Indian Penal Code, 1860)

It is a substantive law which lays down definitions of crimes, defines  scope and extent of punishments.

Crimes can be classified as:

  1. Crime against person
  2. Crime against property
  3. Crime against government

The following sections of IPC shall be known to every person in India:

IPC Section-Crime
97 – Right of private defence of the body and of property
107 – Abetting a crime is equally punishable
264 – Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing
268 – Public nuisance
300 – Murder
304A – Causing death by negligence,
304B – Dowry death
339 – Wrongful restraint
351 – Assault
354 – Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty
354A – Sexual Harassment and punishment for sexual harassment
354B – Assault or use of Criminal force to woman with intent to disrobe
354C – Voyeurism
354D – Stalking
378 – Theft
415 – Cheating
443 – House-trespass
499 – Defamation
503 – Criminal intimidation
504 – Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace
509 – Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman
510 – Misconduct in public by a drunken person

CrPc (Criminal Procedure Code, 1973)

It lays down rules for Criminal Courts and Police officials etc. to conduct the due process of criminal law. It’s the code through which IPC shall be enforced.

The following sections of CrPc shall be known to every person in India:

  1. SECTION 41-  WHEN POLICE MAY ARREST WITHOUT WARRANT
  2. SECTION 43 – ARREST BY PRIVATE PERSON
  3. SECTION 50 – PERSON ARRESTED TO BE INFORMED OF GROUNDS OF ARREST AND OF RIGHT TO BAIL
  4. SECTION 57 – PERSON ARRESTED NOT TO BE DETAINED MORE THAN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS
  5. SECTION 125 – MAINTENANCE OF WIVES, CHILDREN AND PARENTS
  6. SECTION 436 –  IN WHAT CASES BAIL CAN BE TAKEN
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